Burman ~ Second Generation
|Issue of Richard Boreman/Burman and Agnes|
Identified as the first son of Richard Boreman/Burman by C.J.Sisson in Shakespeare Survey 12. He states that "It seems probable that the line of succession at 'Burmans' moved from John Boreman (d. 1467) to Richard Burman I (d. 1539), to Richard Burman II (d. 1558), and to Richard Burman III (b. 1524)." It is a reasonable assumption that the Richard (III) born 1524 was a child of this Richard (II).
While Richard is not mentioned in his presumed father's will, "in considering the evidence of wills, it is important to realize that the testator cannot bequeath his copyhold tenancies of house or land under a Manor, which are governed by customary law. A son, therefore, not being a beneficiary under the will but being nevertheless the successor to such tenures, may well be a witness to his father's will." (ref C.J.Sisson, Shakespeare Survey 12).
Burial of Richard Burman of Shottery 16 Aug 1558 (ref Ancestry, Warwickshire Burials).
BURMAN born 1524
Identified as the second son of Richard Boreman/Burman by C.J.Sisson in Shakespeare Survey 12 (see page index). He states that Stephen (below) "may possibly have been the son of John, the second son of Richard I". While this is not certain, it fits with Stephen's evident closeness to the other family members in this tree.
John is not mentioned in his presumed father Richard's Will. A John Burman was a Churchwarden at Stratford On Avon in 1578.
BURMAN born 1538
Of Shottery in the parish of Stratford-upon-Avon, husbandman.
Born c1502 based on the information about the Court of Chancery event in 1584, see below.
"Roger Burman (b.1502, d. 1591) was the third son of Richard I." (ref C.J.Sisson, Shakespeare Survey 12).
Mentioned in his father's Will in 1538. "I bequethe to Roger my sonne one blacke horse one cart with all such gayre as longyth yerto also one plowe with all yerto also I bequeth to agnes my doughzter halfe one akar of berly also I bequeth to Margett my doughzter halfe on akar of whete and halfe one akar of berly the rest of my godes"
It is possible that Roger married twice, the first time to Elizabeth, surname unknown. There is a burial on 25 May 1569 of "Elizabetha vxor [wife of] Rogeri Burman" (ref Ancestry Warwickshire Parish Register of Burials).
Married Alice, surname unknown.
There is available the description of an altercation about a land dispute in Shottery that took place in 1584 in relation to the Court of Chancery in Stratford, Roger Burman, Richard Burman and Stephen Burman were all present. Roger was said to be an old man of 80 years of age in 1582 (reported in Shakespeare Survey 12, Cambridge University Press, and parts available online).
Roger died 1590/91 and was said to be an old man. Burial 22 Jan 1590[/91] of Roger Burman at Stratford On Avon (ref Ancestry Warwickshire Parish Register of Burials).
His will is dated 15 Jan 1590/91. It names his son in law John Smart (though Jone did not marry until 1596), Alice his wife, Thomas his son and his children, his daughter Philip Carver and her children, his daughter Anne Pace, and Thomas Smart, He was buried in Stratford Churchyard 22 Jan 1590/91 at Stratford-upon-Avon, England (ref Ancestry Warwick records). After his death his goods were valued by another relative, Stephen Burman, and the Will was 'supervised' by Richard Burman and John Pace. Richard and Stephen Burman are probably Roger's nephews.
An abstract of Roger's Will written 15 Jan 1590/91 is as follows:
"The will of Roger Burman of Shottery in the parish of Stratford-upon-Avon, husbandman. I bequeath my soul to Almighty God and my body to be buried in Stratford Churchyard. To my son in law John Smart £6 13s. 4d. either in money or cattle at the discretion of my overseers. My whole team to remain equally between Alice my wife and Thomas my son. To my daughter Phillip Carver 20s. in money. To the children of my son Thomas every one of them a sheep each. To Thomas Smart two sheep. To my daughter Phillip Carver's children a quarter of barley each to be paid to them at the next harvest after my decease, to my said daughter Phillip a land of wheat at the next harvest. To my daughter Annes Pace widow a yearling calf. To my son Thomas one of my iron bound carts. Residue to Alice, his [presumably my] wife, sole executrix." (Ref The Burman Chronicle 1940)
On March 1st, After his death his goods were valued by Stephen Burman and Fulke Sandells in the following words:
"He had corn and hay in his barn in 1591 worth £10, 29 lands sown with wheat, 18 with peas, 23 sheep (£5), 5 kine, a heifer, and three calves (£8), 3 horses, a mare, and 2 colts (£8, with harness). His hall was bright with brass and copper and pewter, including 7 candlesticks, a basin, and that indispensable feature of a well-filled farmhouse table - parting the family at the upper end from the 'hands' at the lower end - a handsome 'salt'. In his chamber were 4 painted cloths; in the kitchen roof 5 flitches of bacon. So we learn from his inventory made by Stephen Burman and Fulke Sandells. His will was written by Sir William Gilbert alias Higges, minister in Stratford (as distinguished from the 'preacher', the vicar, John Bramhall), witnessed by the above Stephen Burman, and 'supervised' by the testator's 'trusty friends'(to each of whom he left a memorial shilling, a sliver piece worth about 12s. now), Richard Burman and John Pace. [Value £53.]" (ref "Shakespeare's Haunts near Stratford" by E.I.Fripp. and The Burman Chronicle 1940).
Refer the National Archives BRU15/1/11:
"Contents: The true inventory of Roger Burman's goodes, late of Shottre, in the Parish of Stratford-upon-Avon, in the county of Warwycke, husbandman, taken the fyrst day of March in the xxxiij.th (1591) yeare of the rayngne of our Soverayngne lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God, Queene of England, ffrance, and Ireland, Defender of the faith, &c., by the discretyon of Steven Burman, Foweke Sandalls, and John Barber, with others.' "
Alice was mentioned in Roger's will in 1590/91 to inherit the residue and as sole executrix.
Alice was buried 13 Jun 1608 at Stratford-upon-Avon; 'Alice Burman, wydowe de Shottre' (ref Ancestry Warwick records). There is a mention of Bartholomew Hathaway, son of Richard (Shakespeare's father-in-law) valuing her effects. (Ref The Burman Chronicle 1940)
Refer the National Archives BRU15/1/77. 1608:
"Contents: An inventorye of all the goodes and cattells of Alice Burman late of Shotterye in the parish of Stratford-upon-Avon in the cowntye of Warwick, widdowe, deceased, viewd, taken and praysed the xiij.th daie of June in the yeere of our Lord God one thowsand syxe hundred and eight, before us, Bartholomew Hathway, Jhon Barbor, Edward Cottrell and Stephen Suche of Shotterye aforesaid."
"Ann Nash, mother of Shakespeare's friend Anthony Nash, widowed in 1587, farmed four and a half yardlands in Welcombe. Ann would have known Roger Burman's widow, Alice. She would farm in Shottery for sixteen years after her husband died in 1592. When Alice died in 1608, she left, as well as two cows, a year-old heifer and ten sheep, a crop of corn valued at £20." (ref Germaine Greer, 'Shakespeare's Wife')
FROM WHOM FREDERICK SHADE IS DESCENDED.
|Children of Roger and possibly Elizabeth:|
|1.||Thomas BURMAN died 1608|
|2.||Philip BURMAN (f)|
|3.||Agnes BURMAN marr 1564|
BURMAN marr 1596
Mentioned in her father's Will in 1538. "I bequethe to Roger my sonne one blacke horse one cart with all such gayre as longyth yerto also one plowe with all yerto also I bequeth to agnes my doughzter halfe one akar of berly also I bequeth to Margett my doughzter halfe on akar of whete and halfe one akar of berly the rest of my godes"
Probably her burial 18 Apr 1587 at Stratford On Avon: "Annys daughter to Richard Burman" (ref Ancestry Warwickshire Extracted Parish Records)
Mentioned in her father's Will in 1538. "I bequethe to Roger my sonne one blacke horse one cart with all such gayre as longyth yerto also one plowe with all yerto also I bequeth to agnes my doughzter halfe one akar of berly also I bequeth to Margett my doughzter halfe on akar of whete and halfe one akar of berly the rest of my godes "
Updated 31 May 2014